The Department of Mineral Fuels of the Ministry of Energy is the sole governmental agency overseeing the upstream petroleum industries of Thailand. Its main responsibilities include the promotion of petroleum exploration and exploitation, enhancement of domestic petroleum supply, and acceleration of petroleum development in overlapping claimed areas. To successfully achieve the goals, its policy is the emphasized on national energy management to increase the competitiveness of the production sectors and create energy price stability.
The Department of Mineral Fuels was formerly the Mineral Fuels Division. It was established up under the Department of Mineral Resources, Ministry of Industry, on 17 January 1972 with the obligation to develop Thailand’s energy resources in order to reduce the nation’s dependency on imported energy. Over the past 30 years, Thailand’s petroleum industry has been continually developed and, presently, Thailand is about one-third petroleum self-reliance. With its increasing responsibilities and significant role played in contributing to the development and economic growth of the nation, the Division was then repositioned, under the Government Restructuring Act (No.24) B.C. 2545, to be the Department of Mineral Fuels under the Ministry of Energy on 3 October 2002.